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Introduction   |   What Is Poetry?   |   Poetry Quotes   |   Traditional Poetry Forms   |   Invented Poetry Forms

Invented Poetry Forms:

  bullet   The 7/5 Trochee
  bullet   A L'Arora
  bullet   Alliterisen
  bullet   The Alouette
  bullet   The Blitz Poem
  bullet   The Brevette
  bullet   Cascade
  bullet   Christ-in-a-Rhyme
  bullet   CinqTroisDecaLa
  bullet   Clarity Pyramid
  bullet   Constanza
  bullet   Con-Verse
  bullet   The Compound Word Verse
  bullet   Decuain
  bullet   Diatelle
  bullet   Duo-rhyme
  bullet   Epulaeryu
  bullet   Essence
  bullet   The Florette
  bullet   The Florette #2
  bullet   Grá Reformata
  bullet   Jeffreys Sonnet
  bullet   Joseph's Star
  bullet   Harrisham Rhyme
  bullet   HexSonnetta
  bullet   Inverted Refrain
  bullet   LaCharta
  bullet   LaJemme
  bullet   La'libertas
  bullet   Lannet
  bullet   La'ritmo
  bullet   La’Tuin
  bullet   Lauranelle
  bullet   Lento
  bullet   Licentia Rhyme Form
  bullet   Line Messaging
  bullet   Loop Poetry
  bullet   Mini-monoverse
  bullet   Memento
  bullet   The Mirror Sestet
  bullet   Mirrored Refrain
  bullet   Monchielle
  bullet   Monotetra
  bullet   Musette
  bullet   Nove Otto
  bullet   Octameter
  bullet   Octain Refrain
  bullet   Octelle
  bullet   Oddquain
  bullet   Paradelle
  bullet   Parallelogram de Crystalline
  bullet   The Pictorial
  bullet   Pleiades
  bullet   Puente
  bullet   Quadrilew
  bullet   RemyLa Rhyme Form
  bullet   Rictameter
  bullet   Shadow Sonnet
  bullet   Spirit’s Vessel
  bullet   Staccato
  bullet   Swap Quatrain
  bullet   Synchronicity
  bullet   The Tableau
  bullet   Tri-fall
  bullet   Trijan Refrain
  bullet   Trilonnet
  bullet   Trinet
  bullet   Triquain
  bullet   Triquatrain
  bullet   Triquint
  bullet   Trois-par-Huit
  bullet   Trolaan
  bullet   Vers Beaucoup
  bullet   Villonnet
  bullet   Wrapped Refrain
  bullet   Wrapped Refrain #2
  bullet   ZaniLa Rhyme

Inverted Refrain

The Inverted Refrain, created by Jan Turner, consists of four 6-line stanzas, for a total of 24 lines.

Rhyme scheme per stanza: Lines #1-4 are abab;
Lines #5 and #6, the two inverted refrain lines, can be a,b or b,a.

Meter: 8 syllables in every line.

The first four lines of a stanza create a statement from which the last 2 lines extract the meaning, and invert the way it was said (see Example #1 below, Finding Faeries). The last two lines of each stanza, which are the ‘inverted refrain’, are indented as a couplet.

As a variation, the couplets in each stanza can reorganize the information in the previous four lines in a summarized manner, and can add further description. (See Example #2 below, Surrender.)

Example #1:
Finding Faeries

A sprinkling shine of faery dust
Is mica-layered on the rocks
Pretending to be nature’s crust...
It really is a paradox:
	A paradox of mica rocks
	From faery dust on nature’s crust.

The dewy drops on mushroom caps
Are nothing less than faery tears
From rolling laughter... it’s perhaps
The greatest camouflage in years:
	Perhaps the dewy mushroom caps
	Are faery tears throughout the years.

The crystal glow in woodland streams
Reflects the light of faery mirth
Instead of sunshine, as it seems,
When faery showers fall to earth:
	When faery mirth falls to the earth
	It seems like sunshine on the streams.

The twinkling in the starry sky
Is nothing less than faery winks
That interrupt the flares on high,
Instead of nature’s moonlit blinks:
	The moonlit blinks are faery winks
	That twinkle high in starry sky.

Excerpt from Faery Folk & Fireflies

Copyright © 2007 Jan Turner

Example #2:

The early morning sun streaks light
that filters through the forest trees...
a secret sanctuary-site
in which I fall upon my knees:
	in rays of light I view the height
	of ancient trees in whispered breeze.

Perhaps the answer that I seek
will come to me in such a place,
for here I feel an old mystique
that holds me in a soft embrace:
	to learn a truth that comes from grace
	I listen for the oaks to speak.

Alone with nature I am blessed
to be attuned to all that's one;
in answer to my one request
I understand what must be done:
	from nature's wisdom I attest
	I must stand tall... I must not run.

I'm tall as oaks, as firm and strong,
and yet as pliant as their leaves...
I've known the answer all along;
I'll better be, though my heart grieves:
	my grieving heart learns nature's song...
	eternal strength that it receives.

Copyright © 2011 Jan Turner

Example #3:
Where Stars Abide

The sky's a velvet canopy
Above the open countryside;
Without the city lights we see
Where luminescent stars reside.
           The night's a brilliant canopy;
           In inky vastness stars abide.

Gaze where the bright nebulae lie;
There brave Orion wields his sword.
He's hunting in the winter sky,
Each night another conquest scored.
           Orion's sword will gleam on high,
           His winter victories restored.

Orion's faithful hunting hounds*
Are always ready, near his side
When with grave menace Taurus pounds,
His heavy hooves in quickness stride.
           Orion's hounds, with nimble bounds,
           Confront the bull, its hooves defied.

Night is the backdrop for the stage
Where twinkling constellations star,
And stories of the weak or sage
Unfold as legends from afar.
           In dramas on a starry stage,
           We see reflected who we are.

*Canis Major and Canis Minor 

Copyright © 2007 Margaret R. Smith

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